The Female-Machine in Resistance

I intend to critically analyze how Ghost in the Shell, a cyberpunk Japanese anime franchise, resists gender stereotypes found in Western toys. I will compare male-machine gender representation in Western toys to Ghost in the Shell’s female cyborg protagonist, Major Motoko Kusanagi. As Stack and Kelly insist, the “media are a pivotal vehicle through which… Continue reading The Female-Machine in Resistance

Pop Culture, Meet Critical Literacy

We should be curious and skeptical about the cultural objects that we take for granted.  As a future educator, I believe that critical pedagogy prepares learners to nitpick the subtle cultural nuances that are blindly accepted and taken for granted. Popular culture artefacts, such as pop music, feature films, and television shows, are—I argue—complex literary… Continue reading Pop Culture, Meet Critical Literacy

Rapping about Resistance, Representation and Critical Media Literacy

The documentary film Reel Injun shows how the “media are a pivotal vehicle through which the social is continually recreated, maintained, and sometimes challenged” (Stack and Kelly 9). Similarly, rap music is the site of representational conflict and contradiction. Let’s take a listen to rap music. Rap is an evolving media that represents the African… Continue reading Rapping about Resistance, Representation and Critical Media Literacy